Category Archives: Thermoseal

Low Temp Gaskets – How Low Can You Go?

Rare and Ultra-Pure Resources Present Unique Challenge to Finding Appropriate Low Temp Gasket

Modern technology often requires rare or ultra-pure materials that can only be handled or obtained within extreme environmental conditions. These same conditions present unique and hazardous difficulties when transporting or utilizing these resources. Resources such as liquid oxygen, nitrogen, or argon; all of which are classified as “industrial gases” are handled well below the normal temperature ranges that every-day liquids exist; ranging as low as -195.8°C (-320.4°F). This often makes it a challenging task to find a low temp gasket to fit the specifications for the application.

As an example, let’s look at argon; an important gas used in Welding, Neon Lights, 3D Printing, and Metal Production, just to name a few. It is far more economical to house and transport argon in its liquid state. However, it must be held at an astonishingly low -185.9°C. Fitting the pipes together and maintaining a seal in a cryogenically engineered system that the liquid argon is housed presents unique difficulties. Argon gas is colorless, odorless, tasteless, and can irritate the skin and the eyes on contact. In its liquid form it can cause frostbite.

There are important considerations that should be taken into account when installing gaskets for dangerous extreme low temp materials.

Proper Gasket Installation

Many gasket materials can become brittle, crack, shrink, and blow out when exposed to extreme cold – not something you want to happen at any time, let alone with a liquid that can freeze you into a meatsickle. So, proper installation is also key. During installation, it is important that all parts are dry, the installation is done at ambient temperature, and then re-adjusted with changes in temperature.

Cryogenics

Any mechanical seal that is sealing a product with a temperature below 0 degrees Celsius is given the name “Cryogenic”. Liquefied gases (LNG), such as liquid nitrogen and liquid helium, are used in many cryogenic applications, as well as hydrocarbons with low freezing points, refrigerants and coolants.

When selecting a low temp gasket or sealing material to be used in cryogenic service, it is important that the material can withstand cryogenic temperatures.

Low temperature applications are found across many industries, these include:

  • Chemical
  • Food
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Refrigeration
  • Petroleum
  • Automotive

Garlock GYLON® and KLINGER SLS/HL

3500 and klinger flexible graphite

Good gasketing materials that can withstand the frigid cold and are pliable in the requirement to maintain the seal would be the Garlock GYLON family of gaskets (PTFE, capable of -450°F (-268°C)) or the Klinger SLS/HL, which is made of flexible graphite and can withstand -400°F (-240°C)

Conclusion

As with all gasket applications, environmental conditions should be considered in conjunction with the functional requirements of the device. Though there are limited options to solve extreme low temp gasketing challenges, Gylon and Klinger can be a good fit for your application.


Portions of the original article were written by Michael Pawlowski and Sylvia Flegg of Triangle Fluid Controls Ltd. The article can be found on Empowering Pumps website here.

For more information about low temperature gaskets and which might be a fit for your application, contact Gallagher Seals engineering department.

Thermoseal WaterSIL

WaterSIL is a universal high-pressure gasket material that is certified to NSF 61 and meets strict chemical leaching requirements.

Specially formulated compressed gasket material based on NBR and aramid fiber, Thermoseal WaterSIL is a universal high-pressure gasket material that is certified to NSF 61 and meets strict chemical leaching requirements.

Applications: NSF/ANSI 61 certified gasket material for use in potable drinking water systems and fixtures for public drinking water, food and beverage, hospitality and plumbing supplies.

Benefits of Products Certified to NSP/ANSI 61 Drinking Water System Components

Potable water systems have miles of piping and other devices such as pumps, meters and valves. All of these components require gaskets. Gasket materials certified to NSF/ANSI 61 ensure the safe passing of water on its journey to the consumer’s tap.

NSF/ANSI 61 establishes minimum health effect requirements for the chemical contaminants and impurities that are directly imparted to drinking water systems. It also determines what contaminants may migrate or leach into drinking water and confirms that they are below the maximum levels allowed to be considered safe. Market leaders strive to attain NSF certification as a mark of distinction that assures their product does not leach harmful contaminants or impurities into drinking water.

Certification to NSF/ANSI 61 ensures that the product meets the Safe Drinking Water Act requirements that protect public drinking water supplies in the US. NSF/ANSI 61 certification can often meet or fulfill the testing requirements for many other countries as well.

THERMOSEAL WaterSIL is specifically formulated to meet the NSF/ANSI 61 standard for sealing materials. It also has excellent dielectric strength properties. The dielectric strength is the maximum working voltage a material can withstand without breaking down, thus limiting corrosion in pipeline systems.

Look for the THERMOSEAL WaterSIL logo and NSF mark on the packaging to ensure your gasket material complies with NSF/ANSI 61 – Drinking Water System Components – Health Effects.

picture of thermoseal watersil graph

 


Gallagher Fluid Seals is an Authorized Distributor for Thermoseal Inc., an independent KLINGER Company.  We stock and distribute many different styles of Thermoseals’ compressed fiber gasketing, as well as PTFE and Graphite based materials.  If you need to know which type of Thermoseal material is best for your specific application, please contact us today.

Form-in-Place Sealex® Joint Sealant

Sealex®Sealex® joint sealant, specially processed, 100% pure PTFE on a roll, provides soft, highly compressible gasketing for longer life and trouble-free sealing. Its form-in-place versatility also cuts maintenance and storage costs. The high compressibility of Sealex® enables it to effectively fill flange imperfections for a tight, leak-free seal. Under pressure, it provides a very wide, thin ribbon-like joint sealant. Unlike conventional PTFE which is prone to cold flow, Sealex® has good creep resistance and bolt torque retention properties.

Sealex® joint sealant does not support bacterial growth or cause product contamination and is FDA compliant. It has virtually no shelf-life concerns since PTFE is unaffected by normal environmental conditions.

It has excellent resistance properties to chemical attack. It is ideal for most chemical services at temperatures to 500°F (260°C) and pressure to 2,000 psi (138 bar). It is also suitable for cryogenic use to -321°F (-196°C).

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Isolation Gasket Solutions from Thermoseal

KLINGERSIL® C-7400 Isolation Gaskets

Application Overview:

Some applications in plants call out for isolation kits to maintain the integrity and reliability of a pipeline and piping system. Isolation kits are designed to work in conjunction with flanges, gaskets, and/or bolt sleeves and washers by eliminating metal-to-metal contact and halting static electric currents. At times they are relied upon for critical applications in severe temperatures and conditions.

KLINGERSIL C-7400 - Isolation Gaskets replace Isolation Kits

The Problem: 

Industry’s first choice are phenolic gaskets. They are often supplied in kits, but they are hard and typically take a lot of load to seal. And lack of load is the number one reason for gasket failure.

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