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How to Solve Large-Size Sealing Challenges at Temperatures up to 800°C (1472°F)

Article re-posted with permission from Parker Hannifin Sealing & Shielding Team.

Original content can be found on Parker’s Website and was written by Thorsten Kleinert, Business Unit Manager, Composite Sealing Systems Engineered Materials Group, Europe.


When classic sealing materials reach their limits, such as temperature ranges above 300°C and below -50°C – alternative materials are sometimes required, such as metal seals with appropriate coating/plating.

picture of metal sealParker offers metal seals made of stainless steel or nickel alloys in C-rings, E-rings, and other o-ring designs characterized by high pre-loading force and significant resilience. Drawing on many years of experience in the gas turbine market, Parker has continually expanded its expertise in large diameters and developed special problem solutions that substantially increase the efficiency of the machines.

Metal Seal Types and Sizes

The most important manufacturing technologies used to produce metal seals from stainless steel or nickel alloys are rolling, forming, CNC machining, welding, heat treatment, and coating/plating. In its more than 60-year history of producing metal seals, Parker has continually tackled the challenge of manufacturing increasingly large metal seals. Currently, spring-energized C-rings with a diameter of up to 7.6 m can be produced for which special forming machines and patented welding techniques were developed. They are supported by optimized special heat treatment and electroplating processes that make it possible to manufacture high-quality products even in such large dimensions. Additionally, Parker offers non-rotationally symmetric metal seals. These E-, O- and C-seals can be produced in lengths of up to 2.3 m on machines specifically developed for this purpose.

Products

  • C-seals: ≤ 3,000 mm (118 inches)
  • Spring-energized C-seals: ≤ 7,600 mm (299 inches)
  • O-rings: ≤ 1,200 mm (47 inches)
  • E-seals:
    • Heat-treated ≤ 2,700 mm (106 inches)
    • Segmented ≤ 7,600 mm (299 inches)

Materials and Coatings

picture of gas turbineThe base materials used are special nickel alloys that withstand temperatures of more than 800 °C. These cobalt-nickel-chromium-tungsten alloys or heat-treatable nickel super-alloys make high demands on the welding technology used and are reliably processed at Parker due to optimized manufacturing processes and comprehensive suitability tests.

The choice of plating is primarily focused on wear protection, corrosion resistance and improvement of the sealing properties. For this purpose, the surface properties of the metal seal are modified and a formable external surface layer with adjusted hardness is created.


For more information about  sealing large-size applications with high temperatures, contact Gallagher’s engineering department.

Gallagher is an authorized distributor for Parker products.