Tag Archives: O-Rings

VA179: Industry Leading High Temperature FKM

High Temperature FKM - VA179The O-Ring & Engineered Seals Division of Parker Hannifin Corporation, the global leader in motion and control technologies, recently announced the launch of VA179, a new extreme high temperature fluorocarbon (FKM) compound. VA179 is an innovative, 70 durometer rubber seal material providing increased high temperature limits while maintaining chemical resistance and low temperature sealing consistent with standard FKMs.

VA179 consists of a breakthrough rubber technology increasing the FKM continuous high temperature limit an additional 20°C (68ºF) over standard FKM materials on the market today. This provides a new industry sealing solution to long-term compression set issues for customers using traditional fluorocarbons and silicones.

“In markets such as aerospace, automotive, and heavy-duty, we are frequently challenged to expand the temperature capabilities of our rubber compounds,” says Nathaniel Sowder, aerospace, military and chemical processing business development engineer, O-Ring & Engineered Seals Division, “With the launch of VA179, we now have a solution that will reach higher temperatures without sacrificing the low temperature and chemical resistance attributes that make standard FKM such a popular choice.”

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Rubber Energized Seals Webinar – Section 2

Gallagher recently recorded the Rubber Energized Seals webinar, discussing rubber energized rod or piston seals, and the advantages and disadvantages to using some of the most common seal profiles.  This webinar is presented in conjunction with one of our trusted partners, Eclipse Engineering, Inc.  Eclipse is a designer and manufacturer of high performance engineered polymer solutions.

This section of the webinar will discuss some of the more common profiles for rubber energized seals, including x-rings, u-cups, buffer rings, cap seals, etc.

To view the webinar in its entirety, visit our Resources page and fill out the form, or click on the image below.Rubber Energized Seals - Webinar

[VIDEO] NEW! Rubber Energized Seals Webinar

Rubber Energized SealsGallagher recently recorded the Rubber Energized Seals webinar, discussing rubber energized rod or piston seals, and the advantages and disadvantages to using some of the most common seal profiles.  This webinar is presented in conjunction with one of our trusted partners, Eclipse Engineering, Inc.

Continue reading [VIDEO] NEW! Rubber Energized Seals Webinar

O-Ring Selection Made Easy

Article re-posted with permission from Parker Hannifin Sealing & Shielding Team.
Original content can be found on Parker’s Blog.


O-Ring Selection Made Easy with the Parker O-Ring Selector

O-Ring Selector Tool - O-Ring Selection

Two things are equally important for the reliable performance of an O-Ring seal: the right size and the right material. Parker’s new O-Ring Selector is an engineering tool that enables users to make the right material and size selections easily, quickly and reliably – in a single application. The accuracy of the results ensures the desired performance of the O-Ring in the subsequent application. This is primarily based on the fact that both functionalities – the material selection and the O-Ring size calculation – are closely interlinked. This achieves a new quality in calculating the total sealing system.

Overview of the O-Ring Selector

The Parker O-Ring Selector is divided into three main sections:

  • Service Conditions & Material Selector
  • Size Selector
  • Notes

O-Ring Selector Tool - O-Ring Selection - Service Conditions & Material Selector

The Service Conditions & Material Selector section is focused on mapping the material-related application conditions. Entering the operating temperature range, the desired polymer family and/or material hardness will take the user to the suitable material selection. The Advanced Material Selector enables experienced users to specify the operating conditions in even greater detail. Here the medium to be sealed can be selected from a database containing 2,500 media. In addition, a search for required approvals and conformities can be run.

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NEW! Elastomer Failure Modes – Part 4

Failure ModesGallagher recently published its Failure Modes of Elastomers in the Semiconductor Industry White Paper, now available for download on our site.  This white paper discusses common issues that occur with elastomer seals in the semiconductor industry. The excerpt below is the fourth and final section of our new white paper, discussing Volatiles (offgassing) and Particle Generation.  To download the white paper in its entirety, visit our Resources Page, or click on the image to the right.


Failure Modes of Elastomers in the Semiconductor Industry

Failure ModesHigh performance elastomers are found in many applications in the semiconductor industry (see paper titled Perfluoroelastomers in the Semiconductor Industry). Though perfluoroelastomer (FFKM) seals are formulated to meet the highest performance requirements of integrated circuit (chip) manufacturers, even these elastomers can’t solve every sealing application nor will they last forever in service. Additionally, end users need to understand subtle performance differences between perfluoroelastomers in the same product line. For example, one product may be better at minimizing particle generation while another may be better for high temperature services.

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Parker’s Rapid Prototype Program

Article re-posted with permission from Parker Hannifin Sealing & Shielding Team.
Original content can be found on Parker’s Blog.


Rapid Prototype ProgramThe O-Ring & Engineered Seals Division is now offering a rapid prototype program for solid and hollow spliced O-rings that will reduce lead times on small orders to improve sample and trial testing on enclosure projects. The program provides spliced rings available in a variety of cross sections and can be purchased in either solid or hollow profiles.

Spliced ring sizes

In the event that enclosure tolerances are large or the available compressive force is low, Parker engineers can design a custom hollow seal to help absorb large tolerances while providing very low compressive force compared to solid cord. Spliced rings with large inside diameters up to 95” are available in silicone and nitrile materials. Rings with inside diameters up to 57” are available in fluorocarbon. Cross sections of .070”, .103”, .139”, .210” .250” are regularly stocked and available to splice to the ring ID needed. The chart below outlines the current compounds, cross sections, and diameters available under the program.

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Selecting the Right O-Ring Squeeze Ratio

Article re-posted with permission from Parker Hannifin Sealing & Shielding Team.
Original content can be found on Parker’s Blog.


One of the decisions equipment designers need to make when installing O-ring seals in their applications is how much the O-ring will be squeezed by its mating hardware to create an effective seal.

What is O-ring squeeze

O-Ring Squeeze RatioSqueeze is a ratio of the amount of deformation applied to the seal expressed as a percentage of the free-state cross-sectional thickness. Deforming the seal cross-section “energizes” the elastomer matrix much like compressing a spring; the inherent elasticity of the rubber material causes it to push back against the mating components. This contact force blocks the passage of liquids, gases and dry powders, preventing them from flowing between the rubber seal and the mating hardware.

The greater the squeeze, the more force is applied against the hardware and the tighter the seal. But that doesn’t necessarily mean that designers should always specify the most squeeze (assuming they knew what that level was or why it was “the most”). There are a number of factors to consider, which include:

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How To Install an O-Ring in any Application

O-Rings continue to be the most widely utilized sealing product.  While the ‘Donut’ shaped profile has by and large been kept intact since their inception, continued elastomeric development has pushed o-ring temperature and chemical compatibility to limits unimaginable several decades ago.

Typically, O-Rings fail due to adverse effects of a number of factors, from improper installation and lubrication to incorrect size and design.  The collection of videos below will help you minimize installation errors that may lead to failure (be sure to bookmark this page for future reference).


How To Install an O-Ring – Standard Male Gland

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Continuous Molding Enables Production of Large-Size Elastomer Seals

Article re-posted with permission from Parker Hannifin Sealing & Shielding Team.
Original content can be found on Parker’s Blog.


Continuous Molding - Vulcanization of Large Size O-RingsPrecision O-rings are manufactured by vulcanization in a closed mold using compression or injection molding. This makes it possible to produce O-rings in relatively small manufacturing tolerances and with good surface quality according to ISO 3601-1 and ISO 3601-3. Due to defined vulcanization parameters, precision O-rings exhibit consistently high mechanical properties across the entire circumference. This high quality level is an indispensable prerequisite for achieving consistently good sealing effects over a long period of time.

However, up to now, this production technology has been regarded in the sealing industry as not being economically feasible for O-rings in very large dimensions due to the enormous work and related costs involved in making extra-large molds. In addition, such large molds are extremely difficult to handle and therefore cannot be accomplished by many seal manufacturers.

Advantages of Continuous Vulcanization

The innovative manufacturing technology of continuous vulcanization used by Parker Prädifa, which does not involve failure-prone joints, enables the cost-efficient production of precision-quality O-rings with high mechanical load resistance in nearly any desired diameter. The technical properties of continuously vulcanized O-rings are comparable with those of O-rings produced by conventional compression molding. As a result of being molded, these XXL O-rings are quality products for challenging applications.

The surface qualities and tolerances correspond to those in ISO 3601:2012. However, this standard only covers cord thicknesses of up to 8.4 mm. To ensure that customers receive reliable and consistently high-quality O-rings where cord thickness is >8.4 mm, Parker Prädifa has developed an in-house standard based on ISO 3601:2012.

Customer-specific geometries for static and dynamic applications
In addition to precision-quality XXL O-rings, Parker Prädifa offers the development and production of customer-specific geometries in large diameters. A wide range of materials is available according to the application requirements.


Case study: Sealing solution for centrifuge (pharmaceutical industry)

Continuous Molding - Vulcanization of Large Size O-Rings

The challenge >> In the large-scale industrial production of semi-synthetic antibiotics, up to 500,000 liters of antibiotics are produced per batch. For such large-scale production to be economically feasible equipment of corresponding dimensions is required. In addition to large fermenters with diameters of several meters in which the biotech antibiotic is bred, centrifuges of similar dimensions are utilized to separate the antibiotic from process agents. Leakage must be prevented at all cost for safety and economic reasons. A leaking centrifuge might contaminate the antibiotics, resulting in high financial losses or, worse yet, in health and environmental hazards.

The solution >> Parker Prädifa was involved in the project at an early stage to develop a reliable sealing solution. The utilization of continuously vulcanized, i.e. jointless precision O-rings ensures the requisite reliability. Besides the seal design, the compound properties, particularly temperature and media resistance, play a key role. In addition to permanent temperatures of 250 °C, the seal has to withstand the aggressive media used in antibiotics production. The Parofluor® (FFKM) compound V8920 was selected as the suitable material for this application.


Case study: Lip seal ring for lithography system (semiconductor industry)

Continuous Molding - Vulcanization of Large Size O-Rings

The challenge >> The development of a new lithography system for semiconductor manufacturing posed the challenge of sealing two halves of a housing. Due to the tolerance situation in producing the respective housing halves, there was a risk of a gap of up to 0.5 mm occurring between the two halves in the assembled housing.

The solution >> In sealing technology, the gap dimensions to be bridged are typically between 0.05 mm and 0.25 mm. As larger gap dimensions available for sealing in the groove in this application could not be reliably sealed, or only by entailing a higher risk of leakage, with a solid seal such as an O-ring, a conventional O-ring sealing solution was not selected here, but a profile seal featuring a lip design. This seal was developed using Finite Element Analysis (FEA) to ensure reliable sealing of large gaps and tolerance variations in the seal groove between the two halves of the housing. In addition, the shape of the seal prevents twisting during installation and reduces the required assembly forces.
In the selection of the seal compound, high purity requirements had to be considered. Due to specific post-curing processes, the FKM compound V0747 with low outgassing properties achieves outstanding results.

More information
EMG Report 07/2017, Page 22
Brochure: XXL Size Seals and Molded Parts


This article was contributed by Stefan Reichle, Market Unit Manager Indsutry, Engineered Materials Group Europe, Prädifa Technology Division.

Source: http://blog.parker.com/continuous-molding-enables-production-of-large-size-elastomer-seals-in-precision-quality

Part Identification Technologies

Article re-posted with permission from Parker Hannifin Sealing & Shielding Team.
Original content can be found on Parker’s Blog.


Protect Your Seal Aftermarket with Part Identification Technologies

Protect Your Seal Aftermarket with Part Identification TechnologiesParker is revolutionizing part identification technology with a multitude of options. Customers are able to benefit from various identification methods such as non-permanent and permanent part markings by selecting their part number and company logo on the seal. For more advanced identification, a customer may opt to use the Parker Tracking System or utilize our RFID seals for tracking purposes. These identification methods ensure product authenticity and reduce seal installation errors by providing visual indicators for the assembly process.

Basic part marking – non-permanent identification

Non-permanent markings are applied to the surface of the seal and can be in the form of a company logo, unique part number, barcode, or other seal information. Non-permanent markings ensure Parker’s part origin, enables part level traceability and provides an easily visible cue to operators. This value-added feature helps reduce installation errors in addition to protecting customers against counterfeit seals.

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